Close terminal window command mac
If you'd like the menu bar to remain visible when a fullscreen window is present on a screen with a menu bar, turn this on. When this setting is enabled, iTerm2 will disappear from the dock and you won't be able to switch to it with Cmd-Tab. An icon will be added to the right side of the menu bar that lets you get back to iTerm2's preferences.
This is useful if you only use hotkey windows and you want iTerm2 to keep a low profile. If selected, window titles include the window number. You can navigate to a window by pressing cmd-opt-N where N is the window number. If selected, a 1-pixel border will be shown around the edges of terminal windows. Opaque windows get a border drawn by the OS. When enabled, the window will not change size as the tab bar is shown or hidden.
Instead, the number of rows of text inside the window may change. If selected, tabs show close buttons. If not selected, the close buttons only appear when the mouse hovers over the tab. If selected, the activity indicator in each tab will be displayed when new output is recevied and the tab is not selected. If selected, non-selected tabs will indicate they have unseen output with a blue circle in the tab. If selected, the tab bar will show briefly when switching tabs in a fullscreen window. It will also show briefly when the number of tabs changes.
If selected, tabs will grow large enough to fill the entire tab bar, like system native tab bars. This is on by default starting in version 3. When a tab has split panes, this option controls whether each split pane will have its own title bar. When enabled, each pane gets its own status bar. When disabled, the window has a single status bar that shows information pertaining to the current pane.
If enabled, windows in the background that is, those not receiving keyboard input are dimmed according to the above settings. When a window or pane is dimmed, this option controls whether the background color is dimmed or only the text colors. When enabled, an icon representing the current directory is added to the window's title bar. You can drag it. Gives the name of the profile which is shown in menus, preferences, and the profiles window.
This serves as the default session name for sessions created with this profile, which is an interpolated string. This shortcut can be used to open a new window or tab. By default, it opens a new tab, but if you hold down the option key while pressing the shortcut, a new window will be opened instead. Tags are a collection of words or phrases that annotate a profile. When you search your profiles for instance, in the profiles window , the tag names are searched in addition to the profile name.
If a tag name contains a slash that defines a hierarchy of menu items in the Profiles menu.
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The badge is a large label visible in the top right of a terminal session behind its text. For more information see Badges. This is an interpolated string. Click the Edit You may assign an icon to the profile, elect to use the built-in icon which is based on the foreground application , or to have no icon at all. Icons appear in the tab bar and the window title bar.
This menu contains items which may be separately enabled. They are combined to form the session's title. The session's title is shown in per-pane title bars, when visible; it is also the default tab title. The current tab title also serves as the window title. The standard items in this menu are:. If a script that installs a custom title provider is running, its offerings will be added to the bottom of the list.
For a working demo, see the George's Title Algorithm example. This is the command that is executed when a new session with the profile is created. If login shell is chosen, then login is invoked. When a new session is created, you will be prompted to enter a value for each such term. This text will be sent when a session begins. If it is not empty then a newline will be sent afterwards.
It does not accept any special characters or require any escaping. Normally, new sessions begin in your home directory. You can choose to open new sessions in the same directory as the current session but only when creating a new tab , or you can specify a starting directory. You can configure a profile to handle a URL scheme, such as ssh. When a hyperlink is clicked on with that scheme, a new tab is opened with the selected profile. For other schemes, you can uses these variables in the Command field and they will be replaced with the appropriate part of the URL:. Clicking on any of the color wells opens a color picker that lets you change the setting for the selected color.
If you don't like it you can revert to the system color picker by clicking the rectangular icon to the right of the eyedropper. When selected, a block cursor will be displayed in reverse video. If this would result in confusion, then a different color is chosen that will be most visible given the surrounding cells' background colors.
If text is displayed against a similar background color, the minimum contrast setting will move the text color towards black or towards white to ensure some minimum level of visibility. Setting this slider all the way to maximum will make all text black and white. If enabled, this color will decorate the tab control. Tabs indicate the color of their current session if there is more than one split pane.
If enabled, this color will be used for all underlining, independent of the color that underlined characters have themselves. The cursor guide is a horizontal rule that indicates the vertical position of the cursor. You can adjust its color, including alpha value, to make it more visible against your background color. You can import and export color presets to files with the extension "itermcolors". There is an online color gallery where users may share color presets, and a link to it is provided in this menu.
When importing a color preset, the name it is assigned is based on the filename imported. If selected, bold text will be drawn in a bold version of the selected font. If the font does not have a bold version, then a bold appearance is simulated by "double striking" the text: that is, drawing it twice, shifting it one pixel horizontally the second time. If selected, text with the italic attribute set will be rendered in italics. The font you select must have an italic face.
Anti-aliased text will be drawn with thinner strokes by default on Retina displays when the background color is darker than the foreground color. The effect may be more or less visible depending on your particular hardware and OS version. You can configure when thin strokes are used depending on display type and colors. When enabled, iTerm2 renders Powerline glyphs itself rather than using what is built-in to the font. These glyphs tend to line up better with other elements than font-provided glyphs. When enabled, subpixel anti-aliasing is enabled throughout the application.
You must restart iTerm2 for this to take effect. Subpixel anti-aliasing uses artifacts of LCD displays to improve the perceived resolution. Enabling this incurs a minor performance penalty for drawing operations. Unicode version 9 offers better formatting for Emoji. If your applications have been updated to use these tables, you should enable this setting. Some characters e. Other characters e.
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There is another category of characters known as "ambiguous width". One example of ambiguous-width characters are Greek letters. Depending on your application, you may prefer to display them as double-width or single-width. If most of the text you deal with is double-width, then you should enable this setting as it will help things to line up correctly in that context.
This affects how text is processed on input. Most users will want no normalization. ASCII text latin letters, numbers, and some symbols will be drawn using this font. Select "Anti-aliased" to draw the text with smooth edges. All non-ASCII text many accented Latin letters, non-Latin text, less-common symbols, and thousands of miscellaneous unicode characters will be drawn with this font. When enabled and you have a font that supports ligatures such as FiraCode then text will be rendered with ligatures.
This makes drawing much slower for two reasons: first, it disables the GPU renderer. Second, it uses a slower API. Users on less-than-stellar hardware may not want to enable it. This sets the transparency of the window background. If selected, the window background is blurred provided the background has some transparency. Selecting a large radius will blur the background more, but especially on Retina displays comes with a performance penalty. When creating a new window with this profile, it will be created with this many rows and columns.
New windows created with this profile will use this title by default, overriding the default behavior of using the current tab's title as the window's title. If you ask for a new tab with this profile, it will just open in a window instead. This is for people who hate tabs. Sets whether the transparency setting is respected for new windows created with this profile. The blending slider determines how strongly the image dominates over the text's background color.
If you have more than one screen connected, this lets you select the screen on which a new window should open. It is particularly useful for fullscreen and top-of-screen window styles. The Screen with Cursor option affects the initial screen of the window, but it won't follow your cursor from screen to screen. The number of lines of scrollback buffer to keep above the visible part of the screen.
Unlimited scrollback will allow it to grow indefinitely, possibly using all available memory. Some programs such as vim or tmux keep a status bar at the bottom of the screen. For some applications like vim it is undesirable to save lines to the scrollback buffer when the application scrolls. For others like tmux you may want to save scrolled-off lines into the scrollback buffer.
When this setting is enabled, lines scrolled off the top of the screen in the presence of a status bar are added to the scrollback buffer. The screen is considered to have a status bar if it has a scroll region whose top is the first line of the screen and whose bottom is above the bottom of the screen. When in alternate screen mode, lines that scroll off the top of the screen will be saved to the scrollback buffer only if this option is enabled.
The TERM variable will be set to this value by default. If xtermcolor is selected and your system is missing the terminfo file, you will be prompted to install it when you open a new session. If selected, applications may choose to receive information about the mouse. This can be temporarily disabled by holding down Option. If disabled, the mouse will always perform its default action such as scrolling history rather than being reported to an app that has enabled mouse reporting.
Programs running in a terminal may send an escape code to request the current window title. You may disable this feature by enabling this option. It should be disabled if you're communicating with an untrusted party, as there are possible injection attacks. Some programs such as vim, tmux, and less switch into a so-called "alternate screen". A characteristic of this behavior is that when these programs terminate the screen's contents are restored to their state from before the program was run.
If this option is selected, alternate screen mode is disabled and the screen cannot be restored by an application. If the host sends an escape code to resize the window, it will be ignored if this option is selected.. If selectedinstalled, iTerm2 will post a notifications when sessions receive output, become idle, ring the bell, close, or get a proprietary escape sequence to post a notification. If Growl is installed it is preferred over Notification Center. If you have Shell Integration installed and a command's output does not end in a newline, this setting will ensure your prompt does not begin in the middle of the line.
If you have Shell Integration and this setting is selected then a blue or red arrow appears next to each shell prompt. Turn this off to hide the arrow. When you close a session, window, or tab the shell is not terminated until X seconds pass. While that time period has not elapsed, Undo will reopen the session, tab, or window. If enabled, every session's output will be logged to a file in the specified directory. Don't use this unless you know what you're doing as it can have unexpected consequences. Seriously, it's probably not what you want.
When selected, the screen will slightly delay redraws while the cursor is hidden. This improves the visual appearance of scrolling in many programs but might introduce noticeable delays for some users. This panel shows key mappings. You can double-click on a mapping to edit it. When the "Keyboard Shortcut" field has focus, you should press the keystroke that you want to modify even if it involves modifiers like Cmd. The following actions are available:. You can remove an existing mapping by selecting it and pressing "-".
Three presets are provided: "Xterm defaults" is the normal key mappings, while "Xterm defaults with numeric keypad" disables the "application keypad" in favor of the numbers and symbols that the numeric keypad typically emits. Some full-screen progarms like emacs switch the keyboard into application keypad mode, which changes how the numeric keypad behaves. Disabling this option causes iTerm2 to never enter application keypad mode.
Enables a more powerful keyboard reporting algorithm that some applications may use to enable the use of modifiers on more keys and more combinations of modifiers. It is common to use a modifier to send so-called "meta keys". The "Meta" option sets the high bit of the input character, and is not compatible with modern systems.
When enabled, a dedicated hotkey window is attached to this profile. The Configure Hotkey Window button lets you configure the hotkey and other attributes of the window. For more information, see Hotkey Windows. Triggers are actions that are performed when text matching a regular expression is received. Each trigger has a regular expression, which defines when it runs. It has an action, which defines what it performs, and it has an optional parameter, whose meaning depends on the action.
Each trigger has a checkbox in the "Instant" column. Instant triggers run as soon as text matching the regular expression is matched; triggers that are not instant only match after the cursor moves off the current line such as whena newline is received. Semantic history is used to open a file when you Cmd-Click on it. The current working directory for each line in the terminal is tracked to help find files. If Semantic History is set to "Open with default app," then files are passed to the OS to be opened with whatever is associated. Alternatively, you can choose "Open URL If you choose "Open with editor For more flexibility, choose "Run command Finally, "Always run command You can specify rules that, when satisified, changes any session's profile to this one.
See Automatic Profile Switching for all the details. This is useful, for example, if you find it difficult to press "option" for "meta" and would prefer to use "command" for that purpose. If your keyboard layout requires you to hold Shift or some other modifier to press a number, enable this to treat the top row of keys as number keys even when Shift is not pressed. This only affects switching panes, tabs, and windows by keyboard as configure in the preceding settings.
When enabled, you can focus the Hotkey: field and press a keystroke. From then on, pressing that keystroke even when iTerm2 is not the front application will cause iTerm2 to come to the front. If it is the foreground app, it will be sent to the back. This requires that you enable access for assistive devices in the Universal Access panel of System Preferences. Sets up a new hotkey window profile if you don't already have one. This button is only visible if your OS version supports touch bars.
By pressing this button, you can define a new custom touch bar button with any of the actions you can assign to a key see below. This interface works like the keyboard shortcut system in profiles described above but it affects all profiles.
Settings here are overridden by those in a profile's key mappings. This tab lets you view saved window arrangements. You can delete them with the minus button and select the default arrangement. You may assign custom actions to mouse clicks and trackpad gestures. The left mouse button is not configurable because its behavior is rather complex, however.
This is especially useful if you have a mouse with many buttons. For gestures, three finger taps and swipes may be configured in combination with modifiers. If enabled, then clicking on a filename of an existing file on the local machine or a URL will open it. If enabled, ctrl-click will be sent to applications that support Xterm mouse reporting if mouse reporting is enabled. If enabled, option-click will move the cursor to where the mouse pointer is.
If you install shell integration, this will be well-behaved at the shell prompt by not sending up and down arrow keys. If enabled, double click performs smart selection instead of word selection as is standard on macOS. If enabled, a triple click selects a whole line, even if it was longer than one row in the terminal. If off, then triple click selects exactly one row. Advanced preferences are self-documenting. Use the search field to find what you're looking for, as there are quite a few of them. Quite a bit of customization is also possible by writing shell scripts.
Note: Applescript support is in maintenance mode. New code should use the Python API if possible. You can also set some other parameters for a session such as foreground and background colors, and transparency. If it is found, the "AutoLaunch. You can create this directory if it does not already exist. Scripts must be named with the extension.
The basic objects are: window, tab, and session. The application has zero or more windows, each window has one or more tabs, and each tab has one or more sessions.
Change This Behaviour in the Profile Settings
Multiple sessions in a tab happen when there are split panes. The application exposes various properties and provides functions that are described in this section. For example:. The profile must be configured to have a hotkey. Example: create hotkey window with profile "Hotkey Window" create window with default profile create window with default profile command " command ". A windows property exposes an array of terminal windows. Other windows, like the preferences panel, are not included.
The following are standard Applescript idioms for accessing elements of an array of objects:. There are many standard Applescript functions e. Creates a tab with the default profile or a profile by name. The current session is the session that would receive keyboard input if the window had keyboard focus. If this is a hotkey window, it hides it with the standard hotkey window animation and makes the previously active application active, if appropriate. Returns a boolean value which is true if the window is a hotkey window associated with a profile.
If this is a hotkey window, it reveals it with the standard hotkey window animation and makes it key and the application active. Either shows or hides the hotkey window, if this is a hotkey window, using the standard animation. May make the app active or inactive. Indicates if the session is at a shell prompt accepting a command. Only works if Shell Integration is installed; if not it will return false. Splits the session either horizontally or vertically. If the optional command is provided then it is run in place of the profile's command.
A horizontal split has a horizontal divider, while a vertical split has a vertical divider. Makes the session active in its tab. Does not affect which tab is selected or which window has keyboard focus. Gets and sets the value of a variable by name. Variables are described in Scripting Fundamentals. You may only set user-defined variables, whose names always begin with user.
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If your application needs to support both the old and new Applescript syntax, this is the recommended technique:. Note: Applescript support is no longer receiving improvements. Use the Python API instead. Note: in iTerm2 3. That conflicted with a reserved word, and has been renamed to text. The example below reflects proper usage for version 3. A buried session is a session that continues to run but is not a part of any window.
If you have a long-running job that you want out of the way, it can be convenient to bury its session. It is used by default for the session where you initiate a tmux integration client using tmux Integration. Copy Mode allows you to make selections using the keyboard. A special cursor rendered as a downward-pointing arrow is visible while in Copy Mode. While in Copy Mode, the session's contents will not change. You can use the keyboard to move the cursor and modify the selection using these keystrokes:.
When you start using iTerm2 it will offer to show you a daily tip describing a feature. You can show a tip immediately by selecting this item. Checks to see if a new version of iTerm2 is available. This saves helpful debugging information in memory. Copies information about drawing performance to the pasteboard. This is useful for filing bug reports. Creates a file with information about how the screen was drawn when using the GPU renderer. When this is enabled, the operating system will prevent other programs running on your computer from being able to see what you are typing. If you're concerned that untrusted programs might try to steal your passwords, you can turn this on, but it may disable global hotkeys in other programs.
You must hold down Option for this entry to be visible. Makes Terminal.
Runs a shell script that modifies your. This creates a new window or tab with the default profile.
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If the current session is a tmux integration session, then you will be prompted for whether to create a local or tmux session. This creates a new tab using the same profile as the current session rather than the default profile. These menu items allow you to divide a tab into two or more split panes. The panes can be adjusted by dragging the line that divides them. They will use the default profile. They will use the profile of the current session. After you close a session, tab, or window then you have five seconds to undo it. Hold down Option to turn Copy into Copy With Styles, which includes fonts and color information in the copied text.
Enters Copy Mode which lets you make selections using the keyboard. See Copy Mode for details. This opens the Advanced Paste window which lets you select a string from the pasteboard in recent history, select different representations of the current pasteboard, and modify the string before pasting it. You can modify it by appling a regex substitution, using various built-in modifiers such as base encoding , or edit it by hand. If there is a file on the pasteboard then this is enabled.
When invoked, it baseencodes the file and pastes the encoded value. It is sent in batches of 16 bytes with a ms delay between batches. Adjusts the speed of slow pasting to be faster or slower. You must hold down option for this menu item to be visible. If Warn Before Multi-Line Paste is on, then this restricts it to warn only when you're at the shell prompt. It only works if shell integration is installed, since otherwise iTerm2 cannot tell when you're at the shell prompt.
This requires shell integration to be installed to work. If you try to paste one line that ends in a newline while at the shell prompt and this is enabled, you'll get a confirmation dialog before the text is pasted. When enabled, vertical lines of pipe characters will be interpreted as pane dividers as in vim or emacs and selection will wrap at them. Requires shell integration to be installed. Selects the text of the current command entered at the command prompt. Opens or focuses the find panel. Select the down arrow to the left of the search field to open the options menu, which lets you select case insensitivity and regular expression options.
The default case sensitivity option of "Smart Case Sensitivity" performs a case-sensitive search if the search query contains any upper case letters. Otherwise, a case-insensitive search is performed. Note that the direction of next and previous is reversed relative to the standard macOS search direction.
Adds an annotation to the word beginning at the cursor. An annotation is a scratchpad for you to write notes about a chunk of text in your history. When a mark is set typically by Shell Integration when the currently running shell command terminates then show an alert. Enters or exists full screen mode. This toggles transparency. When Full Screen mode is entered, transparency is turned off by default, but you can select this menu item to re-enable it. When a selection is present this is enabled. Zooming on a selection removes all other text from the session and lets you focus on just the zoomed-in-on text.
Pressing escape will invoke Zoom Out when you are in the Zoom In state. Toggles the visiblity of the cursor guide which is a horizontal rule showing the location of the cursor. Automatically shows a window with command completion suggestions as you type. Only usable when you have command history built up with Shell Integration.
Queries are scored according to relevance and sorted by score. Open Quickly also lets you create new tabs, change the current session's profile, open arrangements, and change the color preset. When there are split panes present, this toggles whether a given pane expands to fill the tab. When a maximized pane is present, the tab will be inscribed with a dotted outline.
Stepping through time allows you to see what was on the screen at a previous time. This is different than going back through the scrollback buffer, as interactive programs sometimes overwrite the screen contents without having them scroll back. Once in this mode, you can use the left and right arrow keys to step back and forward, respectively. The "esc" key exits this mode, as does clicking the close button in the bar that appears on the bottom. The more memory you assign, the further back in time you can step. The instant replay UI also lets you choose to export a section of your terminal history to share with other iTerm2 users.
Allows you to select a tint color for the tab, to make it easier to distinguish. This opens a window that lets you change the settings of the current session without affecting any other sessions. Changes made in this panel will not be overridden by subsequent changes to the profile.
Settings not cahnged in this panel will be affected by changes to the profile. Allows you to start and stop a coprocess linked to the current session. Learn more about coprocesses. After a session ends e. It will re-run your profile's command in the same viewport as the terminated session.
Using the RStudio Terminal
Shows the autocomplete window, which offers to finish typing a word that you've begun. Learn more about autocomplete on highlights page. If you use Shell Integration then Open Command History presents a list of recently used commands to select from. If you use Shell Integration then Open Recent Directories presents a list of recently used directories to select from.
You can search its contents by typing a non-necessarily-consecutive subsequence of characters that appear in the value. You can use arrow keys and enter to make a selection, or you can click on an item to choose it, and it will be pasted. Resets the internal state of the emulator and clears the screen. Use this if you get wedged in a bad state, like the wrong character set or mouse reporting mode is stuck. The security of those terminal shells is wrapped within the same security model as the R session.
On a desktop RStudio IDE, the terminal shells are running locally, with the same rights as user who launched RStudio, but they are running as children of the rsession process, the same as on an RStudio Server environment. This may be changed in a future release to optimize the performance and behavior of the terminal feature on desktop IDEs. RStudio mitigates the terminal's lifetime being tied to that of the R session by saving and restoring several aspects of the terminal session:. Within that folder is INDEX, a json file containing metadata about each terminal session, and separate files for each terminal buffer, and each set of environment variables, each named using the terminal session's internal identifier.
On RStudio Server Professional with multi-session support enabled, the console06 folder is located in a per-session location, instead of a per-project location. The format and location of these files is subject to change, but knowing their location and purpose can be handy for troubleshooting.
When RStudio starts up, it loads the previously persisted metadata, initially repopulating the dropdown list of known terminals. At that point the shell is restarted, and the buffer and environment restored where supported. Command history within the shell is handled by the shell; RStudio does not do anything to persist or restore shell command history. The terminal shell is started as a child process of the current rsession and will inherit its environment variables.
RStudio does not directly support these, so it is up to you or your administrator to install and configure and learn to use a terminal multiplexer. You would have to adjust it for your system and desired goals.
Specify a Custom terminal, give the full path to the shell, and have it load a custom startup file. Under Process Termination , tell the shell not to warn about processes on a whitelist. This lets you restart R without being warned if a shell is running that process. Since tmux will keep the session alive, and RStudio will reconnect when you revisit the terminal tab, the warning is not needed. It also loads the Mac-specific default bash profile. Obviously, adjust to your environment as needed.
Again, RStudio does not have any special handling of tmux, screen, or any other terminal multiplexer. The example given above, on a multi-user server, could quickly lead to a large number of running tmux sessions. While focus is in the integrated terminal, many key bindings will not work as the keystrokes are passed to and consumed by the terminal itself.
There is a hardcoded list of commands, which skip being processed by the shell and instead get sent to the VS Code keybinding system. You can customize this list with the terminal. Commands can be added to this list by adding the command name to the list, and removed by adding the command name to the list prefixed with a -. If no text is selected in the active editor, the line that the cursor is on is run in the terminal. The workbench. This enables things like sending arrow keys, enter, cursor moves, etc. You can read more about these hex code and the sequences terminals work with on the following resources:.
Integrated Terminal sessions can now be renamed using the Terminal: Rename workbench. The new name will be displayed in the terminal selection drop-down. By default, the terminal will open at the folder that is opened in the Explorer. The terminal. Split terminals on Windows will start in the directory that the parent terminal started with. On MacOS and Linux, split terminals will inherit the current working directory of the parent terminal.
This behavior can be changed using the terminal. There are also extensions available that give more options such as Terminal Here. VS Code will try to detect slow performance and give you the option to change via a notification. You can also change the rendering directly by setting terminal. Something else that might improve performance is to ignore Chromium's GPU disallow list by launching VS Code with code --ignore-gpu-blacklist.
Currently the terminal consumes many key bindings, preventing Visual Studio Code from reacting to them.